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However, in Egypt the newly crowned Pharaoh recorded the actual year he came to the throne as "year 1" of his reign even though it was a partial year.
This system of dating a reign is called the "non-accession-year" system, or "ante-dating." The kings of the Northern Kingdom of Israel adopted the Egyptian system of dating a king's reign.
Frahm’s book provides the first comprehensive study of the challenging and so far little-studied Babylonian and Assyrian text commentaries.
Topics discussed include the place of commentaries in the Mesopotamian philological tradition, cuneiform commentary types, hermeneutic techniques used by the ancient scholars, the sources of their explanations, the sociocultural milieu of Mesopotamian commentary studies, canonization and the formation of the commentary tradition, the reception history of the Babylonian Epic of Creation, and the legacy of Babylonian and Assyrian hermeneutics.
Ancient kingdoms had different ways of recording reignal years of their kings.
The Assyrians and Babylonians credited the entire year when a king died to his reign, even if he died in the beginning of the year and his successor ruled 11 months of that year.
Two mural sculptures in white marble show the winged bulls with only the sides and feet showing.
Those that did not shatter on impact were speedily broken up with the hammers.In Mosul itself, many famous mosques and shrines have been obliterated, apparently on the grounds that they commemorate saints and other notable figures, which is anathema to the fundamentalist interpretation of Sunni Islam espoused by Isis, and there has been vandalism of libraries.